Registration for the April Meeting is now open. The presenters are GMU Senior Capstone Teams. Two project will be shown: “Design of a Small-Scale Biodiesel Facility” and “A Decision Support Tool for Building Leasing Strategies to Achieve the Executive Order Mandate for Federal Government Green Buildings”.

The presentations will happen at George Mason University (GMU) in Fairfax with live broadcast going out to Chantilly, Dumfries, and Washington, DC.

Fairfax http://incosewmaapril13meeting.eventbrite.com/

Chantillyhttp://incosewmaapril13chantilly.eventbrite.com/

Dumfries http://incosewmaapril13dumfries.eventbrite.com/

L’Enfant http://incosewmaapril13lenfant.eventbrite.com/

Abstracts:
Design of a Small-Scale Biodiesel Facility

Jeffrey Anderson, Jessica Caceres, Ali Khazaei, Jedidiah Shirey, George Mason University

Stafford and Spotsylvania County, located in central Virginia, are home to 592 farms covering 16% of the total land area. Farms in this region have experienced declining profits from an average of $555 per farm in 1997 to -$14,931 per farm in 2007. A factor affecting profit is the increase of farm production expenses from approximately $23,800 per farm in 1997 to $30,500 per farm in 2007. One of the ways to reduce operating costs and return to profitability is to significantly reduce fuel costs. An alternative to purchasing diesel is to produce biodiesel from vegetable oil from crops grown on the farm. Biodiesel is a biofuel made from living or recently living organisms such as vegetable oils, animal fats, or algae and can be used in diesel engines without modification. The goal of this paper is to design and evaluate the financial feasibility of converting farm crops into biodiesel using a small-scale biodiesel facility located on a farm. The design of the biodiesel facility will include a vegetable oil press, a biodiesel processor, a storage tank, and an optimal crop type recommendation. Consideration will also be given to safety, government regulations, net energy ratio, and time to implementation.

A Decision Support Tool for Building Leasing Strategies to Achieve the Executive Order Mandate for Federal Government Green Buildings

Alexandre E. Cheytanov, Nathan R. Bales, Paramjeet C. Khanna, and Chris Swift

On October 5th 2009 an Executive Order was signed with a goal for all Federal Agencies to increase energy efficiency, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and conserve natural resources. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) along with many other agencies was not provided with any additional resources to achieve the Executive Order’s targets. The main objective is to convert 15% of occupied buildings 5000 square feet or larger into sustainable buildings. This paper describes a Life Cycle Costing approach to building leasing that makes it financially viable to lease green buildings in the presence of increasing and more volatile energy costs.